Ethernet cable versus telephone cable

Two options for creating a home network are an ethernet cable and your home phone lines. 

The right choice for your home depends on how you plan to use the network, the sizes and types of files to be transmitted, your budget, and the need to share your Internet connection.

Telephone cable network

The telephone wires in your home can operate a network. I accomplished this through frequency division multiplexing, so data transmitted over the lines runs at a different frequency than voice traffic. 

A phone line network can send data at the same time you use the phone, send a fax, or connect to the Internet

You cannot use dial-up Internet and the telephone since data sent by a modem is modulated at the same frequency as voice traffic.

An advantage of a telephone line network is that the cable is already in place. You can connect a computer to the network in any room with a phone jack. 

Telephone networks originally operated from 1 Mbps to 2 Mbps, but newer networks can operate at speeds of up to 10 Mbps.

However, 10 Mbps can also vary a scam for this type of network, as even with the newest technology , I limited the network speed to 10 Mbps.

This type of network requires the purchase of an adapter kit to connect the computers to the telephone lines. This kit costs less than $200 and allows multiple connections.

Ethernet cable

Ethernet cable is the most common type of cable used for networking, both at home and in business. 

Ethernet cables come in two forms, a shielded twisted pair and an unshielded twisted pair. 

Category also classified it, with Cat-5 and Cat-6 being the most common types. The most common type is the unshielded Cat-5. 

This type of cabling relies on twisting pairs to reduce signal loss and has termination connectors called RJ45s, which are like but slightly larger than RJ11 telephone connectors.

Various Cat-5 Ethernet cable is used with network speeds up to 100 Mbps. For speeds up to 1000 Mbps, you would use Cat-6 Ethernet cable.

 The advantages of this type of cabling are the availability of prefabricated cables, the ability to run the Ethernet cable anywhere you want to put a computer, and the speed of data transfer. 

However, you need specialized equipment, as hubs or switches, to use this cabling.

 These hubs and switches cost more than basic dial-up equipment and can run into the hundreds of dollars.


Choosing between Ethernet cable and telephone cable reduces your need for speed and your available budget. You must also have an account that has a red network.

 Ethernet may require a deeper level of technical knowledge than a telephone network has.


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